Technische Universität München

The Entrepreneurial University

The liver is the central organ of the human metabolism and the biggest gland of the body (weight 1400 g). One of its main functions is the digestion by producing bile, a green alkaline liquid. This liquid circulates from the central hepatic vein to the portal field and then to the gallbladder where it is stored and later secreted into the duodenum.

Another important function of the liver is the absorption of glucose and the storage of carbohydrates as glycogen for subsequent use by the body. Furthermore the processing of fats and amino acids and storing of vitamins, the detoxification of many drugs, e.g. prohibited substances in the blood are found in the liver. Almost all of these functions are carried out by one type of cells called hepatocytes, or simply liver cells.