Technische Universität München

The Entrepreneurial University

Amphetamines and cocaine are powerful addictive stimulants; they have high potential for abuse and produce intense physiological and psychological side effects including also effects on the reproductive system.
Amphetamine use during pregnancy is associated with increased risk of maternal, fetal and infant death, and birth defects.
In men, chronic cocaine use is associated with loss of libido and increased risk of priapism. Cocaine administration decreases serum estradiol concentration and disrupts menstrual cyclicity and folliculogenesis in female animals. Cocaine use during pregnancy can cause spontaneous abortion, placental abruption, fetal growth restriction, and variety of congenital malformations.