Technische Universität München

The Entrepreneurial University

Hormones and related substances are a very heterogeneous group concerning its adverse effects on the gastrointestinal tract. Growth hormones like IGF-1 increase the risk of colorectal carcinoma besides its effects on general organ growth. Human choriongonadotropin, gonadorelin, luteotropic hormone or follicle-stimulating hormone influence specific endocrine functions and show unspecific side-effects on the gastrointestinal tract like nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and diarrhea.