Technische Universität München

The Entrepreneurial University

The main side effects of enhancement of oxygen transfer methods or substances include formation of blood clots and overload of the circulatory system. Furthermore, acute hemolytic reactions are reported in case of incorrectly typed blood is used in blood transfusion. In addition, an increased hematocrit beyond the normal levels leads to an increase in blood viscosity and involves a thrombogenic risk. In general, the side effects of the artificial oxygen carriers include reduced platelet count, hypertension, vasoconstriction and iron overload.