Technische Universität München

The Entrepreneurial University

Alcohol does not have an ergogenic effect. Long-term alcohol consumption may lead to arterial hypertension, cardiac arrhythmias, ischemic heart disease, dilated cardiomyopathy, stroke and sudden cardiac death. Moderate alcohol consumption is a common cause of secondary hypertension, more often systolic than diastolic. Alcohol use causes increased cardiac sympathetic activity, leading to tachycardia and increasing the risk for ischemic heart disease and atrial, mainly, arrhythmias. However, moderate drinkers, may have low LDL and high HDL levels, which decreases the incidence of coronary atherosclerosis.